African cichlids are the most colorful, active, and strong group of fishes. They belonged to the Cichlidae family and lives in various lakes of Africa. They are mainly found in Tanganyika, Malawi, and Victoria lakes. They are found in more than 1300 species. African cichlids are the popular choice of Aquarist.
Common types of African cichlids are African butterfly, Yellow African, African peacock cichlid, Orange zebra cichlid, and many more. Breeding of African cichlids is not as difficult as it sounds. Mouth brooding and substrate to spawning are the two most common types of breeding systems in African cichlids.
In the mouthbrooding process, Breeding territories are established by the male cichlids and females enter the territory to spawn. Female cichlids laid eggs in that territory and males fertilized those eggs. Afterward, the female keeps those fertilized eggs in their mouth. The conversion of egg into fry takes almost 3 weeks.
In the substrate-spawning process, female fishes lay their eggs on rocks or pits. After the fertilization process, one parent or both parents take care of the eggs. Parents’ fishes are regularly fanning their eggs to keep them well-oxygenated. They also remove those eggs that show any sign of fungus and chase away other fishes that approach their eggs. Most of the time, female cichlids take care of their younger ones, while the male cichlids protect their territory from other species.
It’s important to provide a big-size aquarium for Cichlid fishes to make the breeding process easy for them. The aquarist prefers to buy a good quality filter system so that the water filtrates on a timely basis. The aquarium must be filled with rocks, live plants, and sand, so the cichlids get enough space for the mating process. Nurturing cichlids are a simple and easy task and fish lovers prefer to have them in their aquarium.