When talking about eye care, we should know about a condition of the eyes, medically termed as Xanthelasma. In this condition, yellow patches, that might be soft or hard begin to appear near the inside corners of the eyelids. The patches are necessarily made up of cholesterol that is present under the skin.
Xanthelasma is not very harmful and is not accompanied by any kind of risks but it is not to pleasant to look at. If it bothers the patient, it can be easily removed by various forms of treatments available for its removal. Causes of Xanthelasma:
Though the condition is not itself harmful in any sense, but it is a sign of high cholesterol and fats in the body that have direct relation to various heart diseases. Thus, it cannot be simply ignored. People with following health conditions are more likely to be affected by Xanthelasma-
- People having high LDL or bad cholesterol
- People with low HDL or good cholesterol
- People who might have a complaint of high cholesterol in their family history also known as the familial hypercholesterolemia.
- People suffering from diseases of the liver that tends to raise their cholesterol levels too.
The condition is rare and is common in people having high levels of cholesterol. It has also been noticed in the case of people with completely normal levels of cholesterol. Young people are not very prone to this health condition. Xanthelasma is common with middle aged people or older people. Women are more affected than the men.
Treatment of Xanthelasma:
The problem of Xanthelasma does not disappear with time. It either stays the same size or might increase with the passage of time. People who are bothered by it and are particular about their appearance can opt for the following methods of Xanthelasma removal–
- The patches are dissolved with the use of medicines like bichloroacetic acid or the trichloroacetic acid.
- They can be removed with help of laser technology.
- They can be removed with a minor surgery.
- They can be removed with the help of cryosurgery. In this process, they can be frozen with the help of intense cold.
- Another process used is electrodessication where they are treated with the help of an electric needle.
The above mentioned treatments are widely used but come with their own set of side effects like in any other case of dermatology.