Breeding African Cichlids: Easy Or Difficult?

Breeding African Cichlids: Easy Or Difficult?

African cichlids are the most colorful, active, and strong group of fishes. They belonged to the Cichlidae family and lives in various lakes of Africa. They are mainly found in Tanganyika, Malawi, and Victoria lakes. They are found in more than 1300 species. African cichlids are the popular choice of Aquarist.

Common types of African cichlids are African butterfly, Yellow African, African peacock cichlid, Orange zebra cichlid, and many more. Breeding of African cichlids is not as difficult as it sounds. Mouth brooding and substrate to spawning are the two most common types of breeding systems in African cichlids.

Mouthbrooding Process

In the mouthbrooding process, Breeding territories are established by the male cichlids and females enter the territory to spawn. Female cichlids laid eggs in that territory and males fertilized those eggs. Afterward, the female keeps those fertilized eggs in their mouth. The conversion of egg into fry takes almost 3 weeks.

Substrate-spawning process

In the substrate-spawning process, female fishes lay their eggs on rocks or pits. After the fertilization process, one parent or both parents take care of the eggs. Parents’ fishes are regularly fanning their eggs to keep them well-oxygenated. They also remove those eggs that show any sign of fungus and chase away other fishes that approach their eggs. Most of the time, female cichlids take care of their younger ones, while the male cichlids protect their territory from other species.

It’s important to provide a big-size aquarium for Cichlid fishes to make the breeding process easy for them. The aquarist prefers to buy a good quality filter system so that the water filtrates on a timely basis. The aquarium must be filled with rocks, live plants, and sand, so the cichlids get enough space for the mating process. Nurturing cichlids are a simple and easy task and fish lovers prefer to have them in their aquarium.

Mismating During Not-Obvious Heat

Mismating During Not-Obvious Heat

Can a dog get pregnant if she is not in heat? Is there anyway a male dog could enter a female and they be butt to butt rather then him directly behind her? I know it sounds funny but I caught my dogs in that position and couldn’t get them apart, so I assume somehow they were connected. She is not due for heat until about August though. They are two very different type of dogs and I dont want them to breed. Can you help??

Thank you, Amazed in Arizona

A dog can only get pregnant if she is in heat, BUT don’t assume that she isn’t in heat just because there are no visible signs. Generally a bitch in season shows a bloody discharge, but some bitches are very fastidious and keep themselves completely clean. Than means of course that you won’t see the obvious signs. This is especially a problem when the bitch comes into season earlier than expected, not an unusual occurrence.

The best sign however, is interest from a male, which happened in this case. When two dogs breed, he does mount her from behind as you expected. The dogs then cannot be separated physically for anywhere from a few minutes to 45 minutes. During this time, the male usually gets himself turned around, flips his leg over her rear, and the two dogs end up butt to butt, as you found them, for the remaining time. By the way, this time during which they cannot be separated is called a “tie”, since they are literally tied together. The butt-to-butt position is a throwback to the times in the wild where this position offered somewhat more protection from other aggressive animals.

Now dogs are classified as aggressive but bitches are two steps ahead when it comes to temperamental matters as they become quite vicious and aggressive when angered, which becomes extremely difficult with managing them as they are used to having things their way, which is the same with their human counterparts too so do visit various articles online to know more about this comparison but now let’s get on with the article.

Now, what can you do about it since you don’t want this breeding to “take”, and I agree with you? There used to be an injection to terminate the pregnancy, sort of like the “morning-after” pill. However, this did cause some problems, and this procedure has been discontinued. The newer method is quite drastic: it involves waiting until about day 32 to confirm that the bitch is indeed pregnant. Then she is given a combination hormone treatment to abort the litter. It can take up to 6 days of daily injections, which can only be done at the veterinary hospital under supervision. There are side effects such as severe nausea, and diarrhea. So the dog must stay at the clinic during the course of the treatment. It’s expensive of course, but worth it if you are concerned about your dog’s safety during whelping, if she is very young, or it’s a mixed breeding which you don’t want to have.

For future reference, you may want to ask your vet to show you how to take a vaginal swab on your female to help you detect when she is in season (they are in season up to about 21 days). And, you may want to read these articles on the pros and cons of breeding or spaying your female.

How to Groom Your Horse Thoroughly

How to Groom Your Horse Thoroughly

Best of all, your horse learns to enjoy, relax and bond with you. Coddling your horse during regular grooming sessions is therapeutic and strengthens your mutual bond.

Approach grooming as a pleasant task for both of you. If your horse is fidgety, do not get impatient with him, yank him around or yell at him; and never hit him – make this time pleasurable. Grooming is the perfect time to be kind, calm and collected – let your horse fall in love with you! And just like dog and cat boarding and training, you should also train your horse. This is to keep your horse healthy and strong.

It is during grooming time that you encourage the horse to “step over,” “move up,” or “pick up.” Manners taught in an authoritative but calm voice (using same words every time) translate into a happy horse and one that will not crowd or step on the groomer. Use the same commands, given clearly and calmly, each time you ask him to move. (It is the neatest thing when the horse holds up a foot even before he is asked to “pick up.”)

Always use the same safe location for grooming. Halter him and cross tie him at this grooming station each time he is groomed.

  • Start with a curry brush, an oval-shaped rubber grooming tool with grooves. Use small circular motions, applying steady, comforting pressure, starting at the top of the neck and working down and across his body, under his belly and shanks, briskly working in tight circles. Do not use the curry on his legs since there is minimal soft tissue and the curry’s pressure is hurtful on his bones and joints. Complete one side of his body and then curry the other side.
  • (If you prefer, curry and brush at the same time, using alternate strokes. This is a great time saving and effective method of grooming. To use curry and brush simultaneously, hold curry in one hand and a medium-bristle brush in the other, stroke first with the curry and follow over that stroke with the brush. Repeat curry and bristle-brush strokes over the entire horse; complete one side, then move to the other side.)
  • Briskly stroke over the entire horse with a medium-bristled brush, starting at the neck. Complete brushing both sides of the horse. This effectively removes the loose dirt and hair that the curry brush lifts up from the hide.
  • Put your attention to his head and face. Always use a small ultra-soft brush. Ease it over his face, avoiding the eyes. Draw his head closer to you, and coo, fuss and talk nonsense to him as you do this – your horse will simply adore you! Use a cloth to wipe around eyes, nostrils and mouth.
  • Before you finish the head, check for eye matter or drainage and wipe. Handle and stroke his ears for 30 seconds, checking that there are no foreign objects or biting insects. If done routinely, you will promote his trust and, more importantly, prevent head shying.
  • Brush his forelock and mane using a medium-bristle brush. If you are preserving every strand of hair in forelock and mane, then never brush. Use a wide tooth comb instead, being extremely careful NOT to pull or tear at the hair.
  • Concentrate on his tail. If you are not concerned about tail length or some hair breakage, go ahead and brush the tail, using a medium-bristle brush. But if every hair is important, read The Old Gray Mare’s follow up article on tail care.
  • Now is the best time to look closer at any cuts or bumps that you noticed during the curry and brushing session. Treat any cuts appropriately and apply salve as necessary.
  • Divert your attention to his legs and hooves. Run your hands down your horse’s legs to feel for swelling, bumps and knots.
  • Pick up each hoof in succession to pick out the soiled matter, noticing any cracks, abscesses or loose horse shoe nails. Cracks need to be taken care of quickly to prevent expansion and infection. Obviously, abscesses require immediate attention, possibly by your veterinarian.
  • If you notice a foul or excessive odor in any hoof, apply a thrush medicine liberally, especially on the frog.
  • Use a stiff-bristle hoof brush to briskly scrub the coronet band and outer hoof wall to promote blood flow. Twice a week, apply a hoof conditioner at the coronet band and top inch of the hoof. Once a week, treat the entire hoof with conditioner.

And 10. Almost done! – You’re now ready to use the finishing brush to give a final brushing over the horse’s coat and to give him the final “spit shine.” This will get off any remaining dust and lay the hairs down smoothly. Always use the brush in the hair growth direction. Apply coat shine spray, misting lightly starting at the top of the neck. Avoid overspray near eyes and ears. The final touch – take a plush towel and rub smoothly along hair growth.

You now have a horse that is shiny and sleek and relaxed. If you took your time and didn’t rush through this grooming session, and if you enjoyed this closeness with your horse, you will be relaxed as well. It’s a win-win for you and your horse!

Few must known tips should always remember before dog litter training

Few must known tips should always remember before dog litter training

When it comes to dog training, the wrong myths have been created over time because the majority of people feel that training the dog is one of the most laborious tasks to acquire. But it is not valid; one can quickly prepare the dogs in a very easy and effective manner. Therefore all we need is to give love and time to them.

Let’s discuss the easiest ways to train our dogs 

Setting up the litter box

it is one of the necessary steps one has to apply if they are seeking improvement in their dog. Because setting up the table and making it sure that we are training our dog in such a way that the animal is always peeing in that specific box. Therefore one must be calm and patient enough ever to give the time and love to the dog so that they can adapt to the situations quickly.

Litter for the box

dog litter in the box is one of the critical factors in absorbing all the bad odour and moisture of pee from the dog. It is also known as reusable dog pee pads, because this makes sure that we are always having a strive toward the dogs mind. With the help of litter box, the lousy smell and unwanted moisture can be removed very easily.

Perfect place

finding the ideal spot to put the litter box is a must because if the box is not at the correct place and position, then the dog will not use that object as their own. And it is proven by the study that dogs are the animals that are possessive about their privacy. So one should always find that spot where the dog loves to stay for a longer time.


How to change the water for betta fish?

How to change the water for betta fish?

Do you want to know about the steps on how to change the water in the aquarium to protect your fishes? These mentioned below steps would help you to change the water in the aquarium perfectly and still you can pay someone tension on the health condition of your fish. Actually, you need to clean all the water after a week or will consult to professional in how much time you need to change the water because the fish mold is really deadly for them and might be the reason of the death of entire fishes.

Remove water

The first step you need to follow whenever you want to change the water and you need to remove all the old water from your aquarium. If you are aquarium has a tap then you need to transit on which would help you to remove all the water easily. So you don’t need to do a lot of efforts whenever you should want to remove all the water and you could be doing it perfectly.

Clean the aquarium

Not only removing the water you need to do but you need to clean the aquarium after remove or drain all the water from it. Whenever you once clean the aquarium then you can boost the life of your fish and seriously this would help you to keep taking care of your fish.

Add-on conditioner and purify the water

In the end, you need to follow the last step which helps you to know about what to do? By the way, you need to install the water conditioner in your aquarium if you should want to purify the water for your fishes. Whenever you once install the water conditioner then you can put the water in the aquarium and still putting the fishes in it to give them a Spacious home which is safe.

A Big Hamster Cage For Your Furry Friend

A Big Hamster Cage For Your Furry Friend

When it comes to a big hamster cage, or any kind of cage for that matter, you will have hundreds and even thousands of cages to choose from. In order to narrow down your list you should take into account certain factors like the kind of hamster you have, how many they are, your overall budget, the space you allocated for them and so on. After some thought you’ll come up with a rough list, but in case budget was not an issue and you’re want nothing less than a spacious cage then we might have the perfect hamster cage

Savic Hamster Heaven

For $167.31 you can purchase this spacious and fabulous hamster cage for your little pet at Amazon. Yes, it might be quite pricey but with the quality and the look of the hamster cage you’d know that it’s worth the price. best hamster cageIt’s basically a hamster’s dream home, almost every little toy and accessory is included plus the colors are incredibly playful. Many have stated that it’s even the best one yet if you own Syrian hamsters; Syrian hamsters are fiercely territorial thus they need all the space that they can get.

Some of you might not yet move on from the price of a hamster cages, well think about it this way, every accessory that you’ll need is already included in the cage so no need for additional purchases; accessories include ramps, bowls, hideys, water bottle, a wheel, tubes, platforms and a litter box. Of course you’d be able to squeeze in a few more accessories if you wanted but we’re sure that your hamster would be content with the original items. Every alternative hamster cage with lower prices are either bare or lack certain accessory or two that you’d have to purchase some other time.

Getting The Right Kennel For Your Dog

Getting The Right Kennel For Your Dog

Dogs love being outdoors. So, the first thing you need to get after getting a dog is a kennel for him/her. If you have space outside dog kennels for large dogs are the right investment for not only you, but your dog too. It’s going to be so much helpful when you have a guest who is allergic to dogs,  or when you have to go away for a couple of days and you don’t to leave your dog locked up in the house.

So, let’s take a look at how you can choose the right kennel for your dog. Primarily, you just need to take into account two things while deciding on the right kennel for your dog:

  • Your yard size
  • Your dog’s size


Yard Size:

Keeping this in mind is important, because obviously you won’t want your entire yard occupied by nothing but a kennel. If you have an average-sized dog, large enough that is, then you can indulge your dog to a moderately large kennel. That way, he will enough space to move around and won’t be bored quickly. Dogs tend to actually lose it when they get bored, and that’s when the behavioural destructiveness starts to kick in.

Dog’s Size:


Now this is pretty normal, right? If you have a small dog, there’s no point getting him a gigantic kennel. Likewise, getting a small kennel to a large dog will just cramp him and get him frustrated. The kennel is just going to be like a house for him. It’s going to provide him with shelter, security and safety. So, it should be large enough for him to say, turn around and even stretch out should he want to do so. Ideally speaking, your dog should be able to stand up properly inside.

Kennels should also be water-proof, so try to avoid metals which get rusty easily.